प्रथम मैथिली पाक्षिक ई पत्रिका

वि दे ह विदेह Videha বিদেহ http://www.videha.co.in विदेह प्रथम मैथिली पाक्षिक ई पत्रिका Videha Ist Maithili Fortnightly ejournal विदेह प्रथम मैथिली पाक्षिक ई पत्रिका नव अंक देखबाक लेल पृष्ठ सभकेँ रिफ्रेश कए देखू। Always refresh the pages for viewing new issue of VIDEHA.

Gajendra Thakur

Era Before and After - Literary scene in Maithili after the arrival of Jagdish Prasad Mandal

Issue No. 88 (November-December 2019) of Muse India at http://museindia.com/ displays Maithili literature in an extremely poor light. Moreover, it wrongly claims to be a representative review of Maithili Literature, whereas it was only in line with the Sahitya Akademi, Delhi; a mere representation of the so-called "dried main drain". It is expected that Muse India will correct itself by announcing an issue exclusively devoted to the parallel tradition of Maithili literature.- Editor

T.K. Oommen writes in the "Linguistic Diversity" Chapter of "Sociology", 1988, page 291, National Law School of India University/ Bar Council of India Trust book: "... the Maithili region is found to be economically and culturally dominated by Brahmins and if a separate Maithili State is formed they may easily get entrenched as the political elite also. This may not be to the liking and advantage of several other castes, the traditionally entrenched or currently ascendant castes. Therefore, in all possibility, the latter groups may oppose the formation of a separate Maithili state although they also belong to the Maithili speech community. This type of opposition adversely affects the development of several languages."

T.K. Oomen further writes: "... even when a language is pronounced to be distinct from Hindi, it may be treated as a dialect of Hindi. For example, both Grierson who undertook the classic linguistic survey of India and S. K. Chatterjee, the national professor of linguistics, stated that Maithili is a distinct language. But yet it is treated as a dialect of Hindi". (ibid, page 293)

Do not judge each day by the harvest you reap but by the seeds that you plant. - Robert Louis Stevenson


Videha: Maithili Literature Movement

Vidyapati of Parallel Tradition- Sketch by Videha Samman recipient Sh. Panaklal Mandal

Parallel Literature in Maithili and Videha Maithili Literature Movement

Pseudo-criticism in Maithili and the case of Kamalananda Jha

The title of Kamalanand Jha's book "Maithili Novel: Time, Society and Questions" (2021) is misleading. It is a collection of some syndicated so-called critical articles on some of his caste novelists. The 263-page book can only be sold in hardbound to libraries where it will rot. Here is a correction, a non-caste writer's work, i.e., Subhash Chandra Yadav's novel 'Gulo', has been dealt with by him in two lines, of course without reading it. I am presenting those two lines here for your entertainment. You must have read Gulo, if you haven't already, read it first because then you will have a more entertaining experience. Gulo is available on Videha Archive with the permission of Subhash Chandra Yadav at this link http://videha.co.in/pothi.htm.

"The weakness of the novel is the author's political bias. The partisanship towards a particular politics does not do justice to the work."

In a novel where politics is not remotely involved, there is no question of 'political bias and partisanship of a particular politics'. Dhumketu and Yatri used political bias or partisanship. Subhash Chandra Yadav's 'Vote' which came out in 2022 and is available with permission of Subhash Chandra Yadav on Videha Archive at this link http://videha.co.in/pothi.htm, is on politics but even there Subhashji's enchanting style obviates the need of any political bias... Read my book 'Nit Naval Subhash Chandra Yadav' which is available at this link http://videha.co.in/pothi.htm. On the other hand, Mr Kamlanand Jha sounds like a spokesperson of some political party or a casteist organisation rather than a literary critic. Kamalananda Jha's Brahministic bias against Subhash Chandra Yadav is an alarm bell. The parallel stream is conscious of how Kamalananda Jha takes the leftist stance to promote Brahminism and wants to sacrifice social justice. In his biodata, he proudly mentions the Maithili translation assignment bestowed on him by the Sahitya Akademi, and this assignment was allotted to him not on account of merit but solely on the ground of his caste title and in lieu of these deeds. For people like him, Maithili-related work is merely a line in their curriculum vitae, but it is a question of life and death for the people of the parallel stream. Why did I call Kamalananda Jha a pseudo-critic? Because he is a pseudo-critic. He writes: "After nearly a hundred years of journey, Gaurinath is credited with writing a dignified novel on the dreams, struggles and ironies of inter-caste marriage. So, did Kamalananda Jha take away this credit from Sushil? Is this the culmination of the arrogance of his Brahministic upbringing ("Through my whims and fancies I can place some literature on top and can downgrade some to the bottom") or is this the evidence of his lack of study? Let me take you away from the selfish world of Kamalananda Jha, away from deception and disguise to the sincere world of Sushil's magical literature. Welcome to the world of Sushil's literature. Here is Sushil's 'Gambali' (1982) which is now available in the Videha Archive at the link http://videha.co.in/pothi.htm. In the first line of this novel, even before the novel begins, Sushil writes about the novel 'Gambali': "In support of widow marriage and inter-caste marriage" and here begins the novel. The death of a village woman and then the trouble ensues, who will cremate this village woman? Brahmin community or Yadav community of the village? Dinesh Kumar Mishra's 'Dui Patan Ke Bich Me' is a historical biography of the Kosi River. He has also written historical biographies of other rivers of Mithila like 'Bandini Mahananda,' 'Bagmati Ki Sadgati!', 'Dui Patan Ke Bich Me... (Story of the Kosi River)', Na Ghat Na Ghar, Kamla River, 'Bhutahi River and Technical Herbalism', The Kamla River and People on Collision Course, Bhutahi Balan- Story of a Ghost River and Engineering Witchcraft, Refugees of the Kosi Embankments. Pankaj Jha Parashar, a member of the Maithili Advisory Committee of the Sahitya Akademi, Delhi has plagiarised paragraph after paragraph from his books and has published a novel in Maithili in his name, which pseudo-critic Kamalananda Jha mentions as research of this thief author Pankaj Jha Parashar! Let me clarify here that both the thief writer and the pseudo-critic are in the Hindi department of Aligarh Muslim University. This research is done by Dinesh Kumar Mishra, who is a graduate of IIT, Kharagpur in Civil Engineering (in 1968) and M. Tech in Structural Engineering (in 1970) and is qualified for that research. In Hindi, the cut-off for admission is the lowest across universities, otherwise, Kamalananda Jha would have known that this research could be done by a civil engineer only. The Hindi original and Maithili screenshots are attached below. Dinesh Kumar Mishra is not from Mithila, but he has authored the story of all the streams of Mithila. We are grateful to him, and the people of Mithila will remain indebted to him for this. This thief writer Pankaj Jha Parashar is a habitual offender. More than a decade ago he found a saviour in Mr Taranand Viyogi who wrote that he (thief writer Pankaj Jha Parashar) gets influenced involuntarily stole others' material in his works. Now he has found another saviour in Kamalananda Jha. The parallel stream is conscious of how Kamalananda Jha takes the leftist side to promote Brahminism and wants to sacrifice social justice. Communism has suffered a lot from people who became communists to escape the land ceiling.

All books by Dinesh Kumar Mishra are now available in the Videha Archive with his permission:


Let us recall here that when Bill Gates was asked whether he was delaying the introduction of the X-Box in India for fear of piracy. His answer was Microsoft never delays the launch of products for fear of piracy. We will continue enriching Videha Archive (http://www.videha.co.in/archive.htm ), despite such risks because not all the fish in the pond rot by some rotten fish in parallel streams. The fishermen here have been and will continue to remove such rotten fish.

The final blow to syndicated pseudo-literary criticism in Maithili.

Original Dinesh Kumar Mishra (Dui Patan Ke Beech Me... 2006): It is noteworthy that between 1923 and 1946, 5,10,000 people died of malaria, 2,10,000 from Kala Azar, 60,000 of Cholera and 3,000 of smallpox in the Kosi region (783,000 total deaths).
Thief Pankaj Jha Parashar (Member of Maithili Advisory Committee of Sahitya Akademi, Delhi) [Jalpranthar 2017 (p. 103)]:

Original Dinesh Kumar Mishra (Dui Patan Ke Beech Me... 2006): On the Kosi River in Bihar, India, a dam was built by King Laxman II in the 12th century and for this, he received the title of 'Bir' from the people and the embankment of the river was called 'Bir Dam' The remains of this embankment are still visible in Supaul district, about 5 km south of Bhim Nagar. Dr Francis Buchanan (1810-11) speculated that the dam must have been an outer wall built to protect a fort as it stretched over a distance of 32 kilometres from Tilyuga to its confluence on the western bank of the Dhaus river. Dr W.W. Hunter (1877) did not agree with Buchanan's contention that the dam was the protective wall of a fort. Quoting locals, Hunter believed that most people did not consider it a fortress wall and according to him it was something else but he was not in a position to say anything. Yet the common impression is that it must have been an embankment built along the Kosi River to prevent the river's current from sliding westwards. People also said that it seemed that the construction of the embankment had suddenly stopped.

The pseudo-critic Kamalananda Jha's saviour of the habitual offender thief Pankaj Jha Parashar quoted the plagiarised work as follows: (
Maithili Novel, Time, Society and Questions pp. 257-258):


Thief Pankaj Jha Parashar (Member of Maithili Advisory Committee of Sahitya Akademi, Delhi) [Jalpranthar 2017 (p. 31)]:

Original Dinesh Kumar Mishra (Dui Patan Ke Beech Me... 2006): A glimpse of the horrors of the Kosi River can be seen in the event when the army of Feroz Shah Tughlaq returned to Delhi from Bengal. It is said that when the troops of the Sultan reached the banks of the Kosi, they saw that on the other side of the river, the troops of Haji Shamsuddin Ilyas were waiting, ready for a battle. This was the same Haji Shamsuddin who founded the cities of Hajipur and Samastipur. Feroze's troops were stranded on the banks of the Kosi somewhere around Kursela. The speed of the river was preventing them from moving forward. It was finally decided to proceed northward along the river and to locate the water where it was navigable. The troops of the Sultan went up about a hundred kos and crossed the river near Ziaran, situated at the same place where the river descended from the mountains into the plains. The river was thin, but the flow was so fast that heavy stones weighing five hundred manas were floating like straws in the river. On either side of the river where it was found possible to cross it the Sultan erected a row of elephants, and ropes were hung in the bottom row so that if a man loses control he could be rescued with the help of these ropes. Shamsuddin never thought that Sultan's troops would be able to cross the Kosi and when he came to know that Sultan's troops had managed to cross the Kosi, he fled.

Thief Pankaj Jha Parashar (Member of Maithili Advisory Committee of Sahitya Akademi, Delhi) [Jalpranthar 2017 (p. 105)]:

(More screenshots will be updated at this link soon.)

Jagdish Prasad Mandal injects into the minds of the readers the deity Barham Baba. He shows that both the devotees as well as Barham Baba himself are quite cheerful. He shows the convergence of "Shambhua" (disrespectful calling) into "Shambhu" (respectful calling). And then he sees Shambhudas changing to Darbaridas.
The crumbling institutions of Mithila and Shambhudas turned to rubble, which is proof that the arts practised in Mithila have been destroyed. But the main characters of his other short stories, like Bhaitak Lava or Bisarh, refused to crumble. So then why has Shambhudas become Darbaridas? Is it just a simple loss of power? Or is it a change in Jagdish Prasad Mandal, the writer, himself? Has he become tired; is he being defeated?
Looking closer we find that Shambhudas is not in any way inferior to the heroes and heroines of Bhaitak Lava or Bisarh. Then why is Shambhudas losing? Shouldn't he be winning? Why does the writer push him to defeat? He is the writer, he's God as far as the characters are concerned, why he is letting the circumstances be such that Shambhudas finds himself in a losing position?
Jagdish Prasad Mandal's characters are not artificial ones. And that is why they do not always win on every economic front.
On the economic front, work is done through hands, through labour. But culture (including literature) is a very delicate handiwork. The characters of this story get entrenched in this handiwork.
When Jagdish Prasad Mandal's other characters had to fight on the economic front, they fought like anything, and they triumphed. But to serve the area of Art, Shambhudas had to migrate (unlike the characters of Bisarh).
So Shambhudas had to become a courtesan, a court artist. Economically it was thankless work. But doing this was the only way of true survival in these changing times, for it represented the survival of Art!
But here also, in what may still be seen as defeat (for economically, it was), Shambhudas unfurled a flag of revolt.
He decided not to marry. He decided to let go of the possibility of family life. Shambhudas became Darbaridas not for his economic survival. Indeed, he certainly is not a utilitarian, but he had to make the compromise for the sake of the survival of his Art. His decision not to marry was repentance for this compromise.
The parallel tradition will topple if Art becomes "Darbaridas". If Shambhudas loses it will be a loss for Mithila. It is not just Jagdish Prasad Mandal who will lose, it is the entirety of Mithila who will lose in his defeat.
Will Mithila heed this warning of Shambhudas?

It is a collection of seed stories.
The title seed-story Bajanta-Bujhanta (trans. talking-understanding) is a story of a parrot, who is Bajanta-Bujhanta. In this collection of seed stories, there is more symbolism like these than in the writer's other stories.
In Chaukidari we see a labourer working even in the eighth month of her pregnancy, by tying a rope around her waist and stomach.
The story Pator he dedicates to the famous seed-story activist Manoj Kumar Karn (alias Munnaji), and he assigns a piece of symbolism too. "Like a dark room which has serpents all around, like that are we too". This moves the seed story further forward. And Samdahi says "Oh, you have become the listener of the very language of the crow."

This book lacks complex plotlines or complicated symbols for the simple reason that it was written to instil good values in children.
But here, the whole story is a symbol. When Subhas Chandra Bose's father tells him that sleeping on the ground is not enough, it leaves a remarkable imprint on his mind. What this man did later for India is known to all. Satya Vidya Bhardwaj says that "Knowledge is bigger than heaven."
This collection is not only of importance in children's literature. It expands the horizons of seed stories too.

Chalu Uchitpur poem features a place called Uchitpur, where everyone has the same body language and the same clothing. In this land, there is no difference between fire and water.
The "new moonlike full moon" tells us many things about the deformed "bedhab roop".
Yaar Yau is a song of tragedy. It describes everything that has been washed away in a flood, including the washing away of the spirit and the sense of existence.
He dedicates the song to Sh. Rajnandan Lal Das's 'Yug-Yug', where he has described how all doors close when one is entrapped in a spiderweb.
This complete collection of the song is dedicated to Professor Udaya Narayana Singh Nachiketa'. All the songs in this collection are lyrical.

Baba did not understand the mischief of the barren trees. He tilled and ploughed and planted the trees. But then those trees became the abode of dead souls. They did not touch the soil, reaching the sky by holding the top.
Halluk Kaaj (trans. easy work) details the technicalities of labour tools which make the work easy. It is an experience of satisfaction that the artists get after the completion of their work. How a world full of empathy is created, it describes that too.
Whether it is in Patta Chhimee's syrupy mental level or in "the huge-lad is condemned", the writer brings new and distinct typical Maithili verse. It makes Rait-Din distinct.

We listen as someone sings Nachari (Maithili songs about Lord Shiva Songs) while fully swinging his voice and body. The spirituals and supernaturals have found their places. One is assembling (or creating) and the other is disassembling. The change is a mere game.
The poet is incredibly careful in his selection of words and subjects. Mystery, disappointment, answers, along with questions and hope, all keep coming and going.

In Ghare-Ghare every household is lit up by a diya, but the whole village is in darkness.
In Kaushal-Jakhain we are told why the land turned barren and how the dark village ended up in its sorry state.
In Aas Prem Sang, hope returns to the village.

Here, Jagdish Prasad Mandal's verse keeps raising questions. It keeps on questioning.
His poetry shows a painful awareness of facts and constantly brings up questions, even in its conclusion.
If you compare his poetry with his prose, you will find much more pessimism in it, unlike his hope-filled prose. The short length of the poems does not give him time to analyse the questions, to find the answers. So, he keeps on raising questions and only questions, poking at the readers to look for the solutions themselves.
This type of verse is an intriguing first for Maithili literature.

ULBA CHAUR: Short Story, ShrutiPublication, New Rajendra Nagar, (New Delhi), 2013
It is a collection of thirteen short stories, every story of this collection depicts the ups and downs of life, it investigates the causes of the problems and puts forward solutions after giving it modernistic solutions.
ARDHANGINI: Short Story, ShrutiPublication, New Rajendra Nagar, (New Delhi), 2013
This is a collection of twenty short stories. He depicts vividly the distress that salaried people face. On the other hand, he compares it with the jovial life of the agriculturists. At the same time, he takes head-on the pseudo-beliefs and other social problems faced by the village people and offers solutions. He underlines the caste-based occupations and delineates their importance and necessity for maintaining a good life in villages.

SATBHAIYA POKHAIR: Short Story, ShrutiPublication, New Rajendra Nagar, (New Delhi), 2013
This book has so far been run into four editions.

BHAKMOR: Short Story, ShrutiPublication, New Rajendra Nagar, (New Delhi), 2013
The collection has nine short stories. The web ("ojhari") and other stories deal with the post-1947 period and deal with the degradation of democratic values and the deformation of public institutions.
NAI DHARAIYE: Novel, ShrutiPublication, New Rajendra Nagar, (New Delhi), 2013
This novel is the fulfilment of the religion of literary creation, which has been faithfully by the author. It reflects the face of society through its moving depiction of life.

KRANTIYOG: Short Story, PallaviPrakashan, Nirmali, Supaul, (Bihar), 2017
It contains six stories. The problem of drainage has arisen due to the construction of highways and link roads, high-plinth buildings, and houses. The damage to the environment and the problem of flood arising out of this have been depicted well. The number and area of ponds, well and orchards are declining. So, the thorny plants have abounded leading to a loss of harvest.

SUBHIMANI JINGI: Short Story, Pallavi Prakashan, Nirmali, Supaul, (Bihar), 2018
The author has vividly depicted the third gender problem. An adolescent Shyama is neither a male nor female, so the people, including the mother, decide to hand over Shyama to the Kinnars. But the father rose in favour of the boy and decides to provide him with all such skills necessary for a respectable life. He gives an example of Lord Shiva who is called half male and half female (Ardhanarishwar), and of Krishna who enters the group of females by transforming himself into Shivani. The mother, seeing the resolve, also comes on the side of her husband.
The problem of other sex, hitherto unknown in Maithili literature, has come to the attention of the author. Shyama is a child that is indisputable. Shyama has every right to live a dignified and respectful life and for that necessary skills are required and would be provided to him. The siblings convince the mother but after the stories of Shiva and Krishna are placed before her, she goes in repentance as to why she was not taught these stories earlier. The third sex, particularly in the village society, has been shown with a new perspective. Other stories of the collection also throw light on other aspects for example the issue of "Mathas" and asceticism in "Babak Bag-Bagiya" and the resolution of disputes in a village in "Kukurpan". In "Herayal Jingi" the issue of development in the village post-independence has been described with the example of Kamalpur village, the issue of caste and faulty development model has been given a fresh treatment.
Subhimani Jingi (A respectful life) 2018 is a collection of short stories consisting of eight stories. The second short story is named Subhimani Jingi, which is the title of the book also. This book was written between the 23rd of January 2018 and the 9th of March 2018. Pallavi Prakashan has published this book, Nirmali. A night-long tri-monthly reading session of short stories (Sagar Rati Deep Jaray) is held in Maithili at different venues. The 97th such reading session was held on 24.03.2018 at Berma village in the convener ship of writer Sh. Kapileshwar Raut. This village happens to be the village of Sh. Jagdish Prasad Mandal also. On that occasion, this book was launched (released).
All eight stories of this book depict the constant changes in the life of a village person vividly.
The eight stories of this book consist of:
1. Kekra Lel Kelau: written on 23.01.2018
2. Subhimani Jingi: written on 28 Jan 2018
3. Babak Bag-Bagiya: written on 3 Feb 2018
4. Ab-Tab: written on 7 Feb 2018
5. Agilah: written on 11 Feb 2018
6. Kukurpan: written on 28 Feb 2018
7. Herayal Jingi: written on 5 Mar 2018
8. Asha Par Paani Phir Gel: written on 9 Mar 2018

1. Kekra Lel Kelau:
This short story begins with a conversation among people sitting around a bonfire on winter days. Bhogilal bhay is an Ayurvedic Doctor who is not able to keep his health well. His family also became disconcerted, all his family except his wife migrated to cities. The conversation goes on regarding the environment and other aspects of the socio-environment of village people, which has changed for some people who were not able to cope with it.

2. Subhimani Jingi
The author has vividly depicted the third gender problem. An adolescent Shyama is neither a male nor female, so the people, including the mother, decide to hand over Shyama to the Kinnars. But the father rose in favour of the boy and decides to provide him with all such skills necessary for a respectable life. He gives an example of Lord Shiva who is called half male and half female (Ardhanarishwar), and of Krishna who enters the group of females by transforming himself into Shivani. The mother, seeing the resolve, also comes on the side of her husband.
The problem of other sex, hitherto unknown in Maithili literature, has come to the attention of the author. Shyama is a child that is indisputable. Shyama has every right to live a dignified and respectful life and for that necessary skills are required and would be provided to him. The siblings convince the mother but after the stories of Shiva and Krishna are placed before her, she goes in repentance as to why she was not taught these stories earlier. The third sex, particularly in the village society, has been shown with a new perspective.

3. Babak Bag-Bagiya
This short story deals with the issue of "Mathas" and asceticism. Goverdhan Das was a poor child whose parents died while he was young. He becomes the successor of Mahant Gokul Das. Through his story, the author travels to the hinterland and presents the untouched states of village life. Through his gardens, the Baba was getting remembered but now these gardens are vanishing due to poor upkeep.

4. Ab-Tab:
The vegetable articles used during the village feast are the medium through which the author takes the issue of development affecting village life.

5. Agilah
Pakshadhar's Uncle returns to the village after retirement. Munilal is his cousin. Munilal's daughter is widowed. Munilal and his daughter Savitri are the objects through which Pakshadhar wants his reform agenda to go through.

6. Kukurpan
The method of resolution of disputes in the village is the subject matter in "Kukurpan". The resolution can be provided only by a person who is capable of being so.

7. Herayal Jingi
In "Herayal Jingi" the issue of development in the village post-independence has been described with the example of Kamalpur village, the issue of caste and faulty development model has been given a fresh treatment.

8. Asha Par Paani Phir Gel
Lalit is a literate agriculturist. He starts farming sunflowers. Through his experiments, the author finds space for detailing actual problems faced by the agriculturists, the ravage of nature and so on.
DEKHL DIN: Short Story, PallaviPrakashan, Nirmali, Supaul, (Bihar), 2018
A family which is lived for three generations in a village and a family whose second generation has migrated to the town have been compared. The superiority of the former has been established in the title short story of the collection.

GAPAK PIYAHUL LOK: Short Story, PallaviPrakashan, Nirmali, Supaul, (Bihar), 2018
This is a collection of thirteen short stories. The title short story deals with have depicted the society existing at the time of the permanent settlement-Zamindars. The resources were held by a few, the system continued in Independent India. The people started capturing the lands resulting in litigation. The title short story depicts one such litigation involving thirty-five people along with Deenbandhu Kaka. On the day of the judgment of the case, there happened a bus accident which was carried.

LAHSAN: Novel, PallaviPrakashan, Nirmali, Supaul, (Bihar), 2018
BIRTHMARK (Lahsan): It is a story of a person from a village, who gets disenchanted with city life, where morality- both social and personal- has no meaning. It describes vividly the village and city life, and in that description, one finds no charm in city life for ordinary class people. Its plot revolves around personal upheavals, but the actual beauty of the novel lies in its vivid presentation of city and village life from the point of view of economically lower-class people.

RAHE JOKER PARIWAR: Short Story, PallaviPrakashan, Nirmali, Supaul, (Bihar), 2020
The loss of livelihood is the major reason for the migration from Mithila. But the people who migrate include the well-offs also who migrate for an easier life. So, thirty years ago, despite being well off Shantinath left Chanpur and migrated to Shati Niketan (Shanti- peace!!) in search of peace. And even when some people from his village found him, he had no regret. Unlike his other books, this migration of the well-off in search for peace compares and depicts the tussle around the social life of Mithila.
GAMAK JINGI: Short Story, ShrutiPublication, New Rajendra Nagar, (New Delhi), 2009
This collection of short stories contains nineteen short stories. The author was given Tagore Literature Award (Sahitya Akademi) for this book. Every story in this book depicts the hardness of village life. The people have to bow before natural calamities. However, the people in these stories rebound without exception and refuse to let down or migrate.

MAULAYAL GACHHAK PHOOL: Novel, ShrutiPublication, New Rajendra Nagar, (New Delhi), 2009
It is his first novel which deals with the problem of migration from the villages. The novelist envisages the rejuvenation of worn-out systems which will stop migration.

UTTHAN-PATAN: Novel, ShrutiPublication, New Rajendra Nagar, (New Delhi), 2009
Even the laziest can move forward if he has a desire for economic improvement. Shyamanand brings technology to agriculture. Unity is essential if one has to stop the breaking of and migration from villages.
JINGIK JEET: Novel, ShrutiPublication, New Rajendra Nagar, (New Delhi), 2009
The writings which deal with village life are full of negative forces. The author puts a break on the disappointment arising out of such negative writings about village life.
TAREGAN: Inspirational Story Compilation, ShrutiPublication, New Delhi, 2010
This is children's literature and is a collection of 111 inspirational seed stories which includes the gist of some masterpieces from the world literature curated for the children.

JEEVAN-MARAN: Novel, ShrutiPublication, New Rajendra Nagar, (New Delhi), 2010
The spiritualism in the author comes to the fore, the real life would be the afterlife.
JEEVAN SANGHARSH: Novel, ShrutiPublication, New Rajendra Nagar, (New Delhi), 2010
The author compares two villages the Banspura, which he tells us is the less developed and the Sisauni, which is comparatively more developed. The comparison is based on the perception of developed and less developed among the people of the villages, which is the view of the author as well. The Sisauni people have a middle school, they have their Public Durga Pooja in their village and the fair is organized there. But the Banspura people have none of these although they do organize on an individual basis a 24-hour kirtan and public langars occasionally. But the Barharba village is more developed than these two villages. They have a High School, and they organize more public functions. And lo! Here comes the Katharba village. It is the most developed where besides the High School, there is a hospital also, and they organize several other public functions.

BAJANTA-BUJHANTA: Seed Story, Shruti Publication, New Rajendra Nagar, (New Delhi), 2013
This is a collection of sixty-eight seed stories which has been woven around different social issues. The ensuing social changes and upheavals going around the villages at the individual and social levels are the themes for the stories of this collection.

This is a drama dealing with the miserable life of daughters in the villages of Mithila. There are many forms of discrimination, the author has chosen the deformation of relations after the marriage of the female. The reason for it is enshrined in the unequal treatment between daughter and son from the day he or she is born. The play begins with an employee strike against inflation. The causes of inflation are a shift towards jobs as a result of the decline in agriculture which again is due to smaller land holdings, an increase in charity-like institutions (e.g., wedding ceremonies. misuse of money) and dowry. Art lovers despised wealth. Pickpocketing is on the rise. Prohibition on speech, increase in kidnappings, violence. The moral decline of government officials increased insecurity due to the weakening of the government system. The caste, community etc. contributes to the disintegration of society, thus endangering even honour. Under the influence of cinema and sports, the new generation is leaving everything behind- clan, family, and behaviour, and is going crazy in imitation of the outside world. The imprint of culture in the collapse of feudal lords. Wells and ponds are the places where women quarrel. Sita is the symbol of Mithila's female power. Society is under the influence of courts destroying wealth and morals, giving further rise to mutual quarrels. Lack of self-strength among youth, boundless patience among women, the influence of society on children and widows everything has been depicted. The value of an educated (working) girl is ruined due to dowry. However, women are more important than men. The new enthusiasm among the new generation of women can be seen in their Jeal for acquiring new skills.
However, there is one more issue, the issue of feudal addiction has been depicted through the symbol of cannabis. The new generation is affected. They are not known for hard work. They believe in luck. The breakdown of families under the influence of wealth, the generational differences between father and son and forced marriages of boys and girls are the result of these. There is fraud in farm transactions, the dual registry of the same land can be seen, and bribery has gained acceptance. The parents want their sons to take the bribe. The adverse impact of multinational companies on agriculture. Dowry is a big issue, tradition and anti-tradition thoughts have engulfed the newly awakened society. Society is divided into factions, and the creation of new human identities is due to new technologies, new thinking and new work. The influence of multinational culture on families, society and arts and culture is imminent. Society is changing by changing the system. Money brings attitude.
All of this has led to the birth of a new society. Ramvilas gives importance to human beings which is a blow to dowry. The play ends with ideal marriage.

The depicts agriculture and peasant life and the breaking down of the feudal society. The need for proper arrangements for bringing agriculture to the centre stage of the new capitalist society and the depiction of the deteriorating condition of villages due to the flight of intellectuals and workers has been attempted successfully. The stress is on the philosophy of cooperation.

The play deals with various external influences that are seen in the process of marriage rituals in Mithila. Controversies and conflicts arise due to external influences. So, the discussion on the disputes tries to solve the marriage process as a puzzle.

The influence of the market in the orientation of rural life, the exploitation by the capitalist class through cheap labour and as a result one is ready to do the lowest thing for the sake of money.

The disintegrating family, customs and relationships can be seen in our feudal society which itself is disintegrating. The financial base of the family is in fragmentation.

No relationship is faulty but that cannot be said of human behaviour and thoughts. The ideal form of 'stepmother' is presented through these concepts.

The depiction of women's awakening through the mention of awareness towards day-to-day injustice delineates the basic problems. But the highest price has to be paid in the process.
The description of the fundamental problems of agriculture along with solutions has been done intricately.

Sh Jagdish Prasad Mandal has adjudged the following five short stories as his best:
The Transmission (Sancharan)
The Favourite Work (Bhari Man Kaaj)
The Gone Hope (Aayal Aasha Chali Gel)
The Gift of Life (Jeevan Daan)
On My Behalf (Appan Sati)

The Transmission (Sancharan): The philosophical musings of the life of Jeebachh Uncle have been depicted with all their splendour. The earthly comes in between, of course. The flood and the dam, the hope generated out of the Kosi River project regarding hydel power electricity and the subsequent despair arising out of its non-fulfilment. The irrigation facility for the farmers, the arrival of fertilisers, the projects leading to disturbance in the flow of small rivers, the memory of earlier mango plantations in villages, and the rain-based agriculture, all have been dealt with in detail. After fifty Jeebachh Uncle dissociated from the family life dispassionately and handed over the responsibilities to both of his sons.
The Favourite Work (Bhari Man Kaaj): This story is the story of Gianchan. He is overwhelmed by his life, but then Sumitlal tells him a story and he feels relieved.
The Gone Hope (Aayal Aasha Chali Gel): The people of village Rudrapur are preparing to go to Rameshwaram for a pilgrimage. A discussion ensues between Hiralal and Motilal.
The Gift of Life (Jeevan Daan): Sumant and his wife is discussing life in the aftermath of an earthquake. Last week due to the earthquake all three houses collapsed.
On My Behalf (Appan Sati): This story is a story of a happening village surrounding the shops at the roundabout. The people and their priorities, minor squabbling and all are witnessed here.
Sh. Jagdish Prasad Mandal is known for giving Maithili stories which directly cater to the problems and solutions of the people of Mithila. The solution is there in the midst of the people and whoever finds the solution is the leader of his stories. And there is always one who finds the solution. He is better known for his stories which are anti-migration rather than anti-escapism. However, he has selected the above five short stories which are philosophical musings. But here also his priority is the people and their life. He says through Jeebach Uncle that the life of Jeebach Uncle was grand. So grandeur is not about money, but it is about the manner people live their lives. This grandeur of life has been depicted not through the lives of landlords but through the life of common people, who faces drought, flood, and negative results on the environment through the concept of neo-development, yet their demeanour is grand.

The poems of Jagdish Prasad Mandal started getting published in Videha eJournal (www.videha.co.in ) and were later print-published as anthologies. His poems can be categorized under Philosophical, Temporal (Socio-Economics), Literary, Social, Revolutionary, Historical & General categories.
The following poems fall under this category:
O Dina vividly portrays fear arising out of a situation in difficult times, when one comes to know who their real friends are. Dhobi Ghaata is an imagery and life has been compared with it. Saanjha says that in life there is no evening, everything goes on at its speed. Saatvika Bhaava is a discussion on the true nature of mankind. Divya Shakti discusses divine power. Uriaaela Chirai is the symbol of the flying nature of mankind. Ranabhoomi compares theatre with the life of humans. Saana-Dhaara-Dhaaraa says that the dynamics of the individual buttresses dynamism in the family. Satee-Beshyaa describes the life of a chaste woman and a prostitute. Papeehaaka Geeta discusses life and death through the symbolism of a singing bird. Vishadharaka Beekha is the poison of a venomous snake, and it has been compared with the obstacles of life. Mithilaa Kehena is regarding countryside Mithila. Mausamaka Muskee compares seasons with the ups and downs of life. Aashaa is regarding hope in life. Aankhi compares the eye with other organs of the body. Madhurasa places the existence of life under the lens through the symbol of honey. Beeaa is a seed that has in it the hope and existence of life. Mahajaala compares the old pond with the old lifestyle and behaviour. Baata is a way of life which one has to create for oneself. Dabhiaaela Dagara is the thorny road through which one has to tread. Lajjaita is honourable life a respectable one.
Jagdish Prasad Mandal has written a few poems under the heading Song (Geeta) wherein he describes the sorrows, the revolving wheel of time, and how tough work can be made simple. He laments how humans are not treating their fellow humans in an egalitarian way as well as the art of thinking and understanding.
Under his Ganges songs is Gangaa Vandanaa where he describes the Ganges inside one as compared to the Ganga river. In Ganga Snaana he compares the Ganges to ideological and Social parlance, in Gangaa Nahaae he describes the psyche of people revering to the Ganges. Phanakee describes the impulse under which even the clever get entangled. Anharaaela Chhee describes the chimaera when a wrong act seems correct under the wrong regimen. Sabha Kichhu Chhai Jaaleme says that everyone is estranged and deep down in the quagmire of the system. Godhana Poojaa describes the ways of the Goddess of wealth (Lakshmi) and Goddess of Learning (Saraswati). In Maatika Phoola he finds the smell of soil like a flower. Jhagaraa is a question-answer session of Lor Shiva and Goddess Parvati. Najari is a question-answer session between eye and viewpoint. Kamalaa Dhaara is a description of the Kamala river. Baala Kavitaa Najari is a question-answer session between the father and the son. Bhabhoota is a description of hegemony. Jhootha-Saancha says that to defend a lie one has to create hundreds of lies. Nava Duniyaan says that one oneself has to create one's world. Purooshaartha describes the true and pseudo aims of life. Sarasvatee Vandanaa vows to remain in an ever-awakened stage. Bheera-Bhaara exhorts one to walk through one's strength. Sarasvatee Hamara describes Goddess Saraswati who understands the sorrows of one and all.
The following poems fall under this category:
Agahana portrays the harvesting season. Kenaa Metata Gareebee describes the deserted cultivable land due to the condition of the poor. Baarhika Sanesa describes the gift of the flood like the waterborne plants and animals.
Ago-Lorahaa is the leftover harvest.
Hathiyaaka Jhatakee is the description of a season when wind accompanies rain. Rahasaa Chaura is a vivid description of the lowland. Berojagaaree says unemployment is a created problem. Leerhee Pokhari is a description of lichen filled pond and society has been compared with it.
Bakaree Bheraaree is the excreta of a goat, which is so fertile that it can feed plants. Mahagee describes a phenomenon when a big family was a boon but due to inflation it is now not considered so. Jarana Bichhanee is the people who collected fuel wood from the wild, whose condition is very bad and who do not have got any benefit out of independence.
Nava-Phala describes new kinds of work being undertaken by modern-day families.
Andeeka Chhaahari contrasts flood-raved vegetation with the vegetation of the desert. It also describes sandy terrain in both areas.
Poo-Bhara is a talk between son and mother when the son is set to leave his place for livelihood. Unnati deals with obstacles and problems in the life of people who want to live their life practising agriculture. Chauree Dhaanaka Katanee is a description of the difficulty in the harvesting of paddy in lowland knee-down water-filled land. Kisaana compares the life of farmers through the ages. Tootaita Jinagee describes hopelessness in life.
The following poems fall under this category:
Kavitaa describes a new preface, new direction and new way for the poem. Booribakee describes changing the meaning of foolishness in different situations.
The following poems fall under this category:
Gaachhee Bhutaai exhorts to demolish the way of life coming through tradition.
Bhutaahi Gaachhee reasons for the breakdown in family and society. In Beetala Barkhaka Vidaai the arrival of the new year has been compared with the ups and downs of life. Sangee says it's time to leave the friends. Bethaa explores the identity so that reason for sorrow can be found. Dhabbaa is spot an unblemished record due to some bad acts. Pitripakshaka Bhoja deals with the question of caste. Thanakaa describes thunder. Jhapaasaa is warning not to come under the ill influence. Shivacharana became a good farmer in Shivacharana. Chauthachandraka Chhaamchhee deals with potters making earthen articles even in the rainy season for the festivals, but still people not giving credit to them. Bharadutiyaa describes the festival of brother and sister. Doojaa Bhaava describes the father and children relationship. Baala Geeta exhorts to build a new life. Phoosi deals with the habit of telling lies. Chikkani Maati is a fine-grained soil used to make earthen lamps in the Diwali festival, the mother-son duo is talking about that. Jhaaroo-Baarhani is regarding the use of cleaning equipment. Dagareeka Dagara is blowing the winnowing basket for warding off poverty on the morning of the Diwali festival. Chaparaasee Bhaaya is regarding a salaried person. Nota is an invitation to feast when either everyone from the families or one person per family is invited. Latuaa deals with life where nothing is more than just enough.
The following poems fall under this category:
Jeebaile Larae Parata says that for life one has to fight. Ekaisamee Shadeeka Desha depicts a 21st-century country. Paradeshee describes the motherland through the twelve months.
The following poems fall under this category:
Paichhalaa Ganita compares old and new mathematics.
The following poems fall under this category:
Madhumaachhee compares the life of a honeybee with that of mankind. Juaanee describes youth. Taranga is the depiction of inner emotions. Ai Parhabasam Murakhe Rahitaum laments education which does not help in employment. Nangarakata Ghoraa is a tailless horse who is like a man having faith in none. Under Songs, there are a few poems which describe the spring season and life of honesty. Phoolabatiyaa is a nascent seed plant and it has been compared with the hope that life has. Karailaaka Phoola is a bitter gourd but its flower smells pleasant. Girahakata is the fraud who is omnipresent in the system.


Amartya Sen wrote about the famine of Bengal (1942-43), talking about how lacs and lacs of people died in that famine (15 lacs as per estimates of the Famine Enquiry Commission), but that this did not include his loved ones. Likewise in 1967, there happened a great famine in Mithila. When Indira Gandhi (then the Prime Minister of India) visited the area, she was shown how the people from the Mushhar community survived simply by eating bisarh (roots of lotus and other plants).
But this tragedy was written about only in 2009 by Sh. Jagdish Prasad Mandal, over forty years after it happened. And the reasons for that delay are obvious. In Maithili literature, there is a lopsided tendency which has made its journey slanted and ugly. The ones writing for mainstream Maithili literature have had no firsthand experience of tragedies of this magnitude, so they could never write on such subjects.
The coming of Jagdish Prasad Mandal on the literary scene simultaneously started a renaissance and a reformation movement in Maithili literature. It commenced a shiny new era. He gets credit for correcting the dark and ugly course the literary scene had taken. He gets credit for filling the gap and correcting the lopsided course of Maithili literature, which was hitherto moving on a one-way road.
Jagdish Prasad Mandal is an artist. He can convey the facts in such an amazing way that the reader is left in a trance.
He can present the facts directionally and purposefully. Armed with this ability he has defined the literature of the Maithili language so greatly that we could bifurcate its history into two eras: the era before Jagdish Prasad Mandal, and the era which comes after.
His facts are collated from every section of society. They are not placed in his prose as ornaments. Instead, they flow naturally.
It is as if a high tide has shaken the coastlines of the so-called main drain of Maithili literature, which dies completely but then regains its shape during the monsoon.
His words never present a lament. His writing never shirks from its responsibilities. No matter what hardships they face, the characters never lose hope or blame their lack of resources; they never grow dismal and resolutely keep marching on.
He has respect for the lifestyles and contributions of every stratum of society, and that is very exceptional. This becomes effective because there is no mismatch between his words and his deeds, and this is because of the greatness of his personal and social life. What he thinks, what he does, and what he writes. It makes his literature truthful.
The ups and downs of the lyrical voice of the Maithili language attracted even the great Yehudi Menuhin who, in a BBC programme, said it was one of the sweetest languages. He talked of how his entire body swung hearing this language. Jagdish Prasad Mandal uses the ups and downs of this lyrical/rhythmic language to show the affinity of mutual dependence with its society and culture.
This will bring revolution not only in literature but also in the economic arena.

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